نقش هویت ملی و سرمایه فرهنگی در ارتقای آموزش شهروند جهانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد بین‌المللی کیش، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جزیره کیش ،ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی وعلوم تربیتی ، واحد تهران جنوب ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیارگروه مدیریت دولتی، واحد بندرعباس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بندرعباس ، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر سرمایه فرهنگی در ارتقای آموزش شهروند جهانی است. این پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و برحسب نوع داده‌ها آمیخته (کیفی ـ کمی) و رویکرد کیفی از طریق تحلیل محتوا و کدگذاری (بازمحوری ـ انتخابی) و رویکرد کمی، روش پیمایشی بود. جامعه آماری در بخش کیفی خبرگان (اعضای هیأت علمی استان هرمزگان)، با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری غیراحتمالی هدفمند و اصل اشباع، 14 نفر انتخاب شدند و در بخش کمی جامعه آماری از اعضای هیأت علمی دانشگاه‌های دولتی و غیردولتی استان هرمزگان با استفاده از جدول مورگان انتخاب و نمونه آماری 185 نفر به روش نمونه‌گیری چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. جهت جمع‌آوری داده‌ها در بخش کیفی از فیش‌برداری و مصاحبه حضوری نیمه‌ساختاریافته و در بخش کمی از پرسشنامه‌های محقق‌ساخته استفاده شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل عامل اکتشافی و تحلیل عامل تأییدی استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش حاکی از آن است که مؤلفه‌های هویت ملی (تعلق خاطر به نمادها، اسطوره‌های ملی و مذهبی، فرهنگ و روش اسلامی، نقش تاریخ، احساس تعلق به فرهنگ، روش زندگی ایرانی، آشنایی با میراث جهانی) و سرمایه فرهنگی (حالت تجسم‌یافته ذهنی، حالت تجسم‌یافته عینی، حالت نهادی شده) بر روی آموزش شهروند جهانی دارای بار عاملی بالای 5/0 هستند و از لحاظ آماری در سطح معنی‌دار قرار دارند و مدل ارائه شده با توجه به شاخص‌های AGFI، GFI، RASEA دارای برازش مناسب است و به مسئولان نظام‌های آموزشی پیشنهاد می‌شود جهت افزایش و ارتقای سطح آموزش شهروند جهانی به مؤلفه‌های سرمایه فرهنگی تأکید و توجه خاص داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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