اثرسنجی گردهمایی‌های انسانی بر خزش شهری با استفاده از تکنیک‌های سنجش از دور

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی شهری، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشکاه آزاد، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا، واحد یادگار امام خمینی(ره) شهر ری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشکاه آزاد، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

گسترش و خزش فضاهای شهری از جمله حوزه‌های مهم در حوزه‌ی پژوهش‌های شهری است که سیاست-گذاری و برنامه‌ریزی خاص خود را می‌طلبد. سرشت خزش شهری، تا اندازه‌ی زیادی نوع و نحوه‌ی برنامه‌ریزی آنرا تعیین می‌کند. از این رو، شناسایی نوع و جهت خزش شهری با استفاده‌های از تکنیک‌ها و روش‌های کارآمد از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است. در این راستا، تحقیق حاضر با استفاده از تکنیک‌های سنجش از دور (RS) به بررسی تاثیر گردهمایی‌های انسانی بر خزش شهری در کشور عراق پرداخته است. از میان تجمعات و گردهمایی‌های انسان‌ساخت، راهپیمایی اربعین به دلیل اهمیت و کیفیت فزاینده‌ی آن انتخاب شده است. یافته‌ها نشان داد که خزش شهری در عراق در فضاهایی که در معرض مستقیم و غیرمستقیم پیاده‌روی اربعین قرار دارند، از سال 2003 به این سو افزایش یافته است؛ این افزایش هم در بعد مساحت و هم در بعد تراکم شهری رخ داده است. در این میان، گردهمایی اربعین یکی از عوامل مهم در رشد و گسترش شهری در عراق و به‌ویژه کربلا به‌شمار می‌رود؛ رشد شهری از منظر مساحت و تراکم در این شهر، خزش شهری چهار برابری را نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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