تحلیل تاثیر دلبستگی مکانی و سرمایه اجتماعی بر احساس امنیت در محلات شهر سبزوار

نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی کاربردی

نویسنده

استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری- دانشگاه بزرگمهر قائنات، قائن ، ایران.

چکیده

یکی از مهمترین شاخصهای کیفیت زندگی شهری ، میزان احساس امنیت در محیط سکونتی است.احساس امنیت در یک محله مسکونی تحت تاثیر عوامل مختلفی است که از آنجمله می‌توان به دلبستگی مکانی و سرمایه اجتماعی اشاره نمود. دلبستگی مکانی سبب می‌گردد افراد، نسبت به اتفاقات رخ داده در مکان زندگی خود بی‌تفاوت نبوده و به این ترتیب نظارت و مراقبت بیشتری از اجتماع و همسایگانشان ایجاد نموده که این امر می‌تواند به امنیت بیشتر منجر شود. از سوی دیگر تعلق مکانی با تاثیرگذاری بر سرمایه اجتماعی و با میانجیگری آن می‌تواند احساس امنیت را تحت تاثیر قرار دهد. با توجه به اهمیت موضوع، پژوهش حاضر به بررسی تاثیر تعلق مکانی و سرمایه اجتماعی بر احساس امنیت در محلات شهر سبزوار پرداخته است. این تحقیق از نوع پیمایشی می‌باشد و برای جمع‌آوری داده های میدانی از ابزار پرسشنامه استفاده شده است. حجم نمونه 384 نفر با استفاده از روش کوکران بدست آمد. روش تحلیل داده ها نیز آزمون همبستگی پیرسون، رگرسیون ، آزمون سوبل و الگویابی معادلات ساختاری است. در این تحقیق ابتدا تاثیر دلبستگی مکانی و سرمایه اجتماعی بر احساس امنیت به صورت مستقیم بررسی شده و سپس تاثیر دلبستگی مکانی بر احساس امنیت با میانجیگری سرمایه اجتماعی مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که دلبستگی مکانی و سرمایه اجتماعی هر دو تاثیر معنادار بر احساس امنیت دارند. علاوه بر این دلبستگی مکانی به طور معناداری تغییرات سرمایه اجتماعی را پیش‌بینی می‌کند و به طور غیر مستقیم و از طریق سرمایه اجتماعی بر احساس امنیت تاثیر می‌گذارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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