شناسایی امکانات توانمندسازی روستائیان، سه روستای کردآباد، ویان و طاهرلو کبودرآهنگ در زمینه اشتغال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد، عضو هیات علمی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش،شناسایی امکانات توانمندسازی روستائیان، سه روستای کردآباد، ویان و طاهرلو کبودرآهنگ در زمینه اشتغال، بوده است. روش تحقیق توصیفی - پیمایشی و جامعه‌ی آماری، افراد 18 تا 65 سال(سن اشتغال) این روستاها بوده است. حجم نمونه براساس فرمول کوکران (256نفر) تعیین و به روش تصادفی در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع آوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته با ضریب پایایی67/0 بوده است.در تجزیه وتحلیل داده ها از آزمون هایT تک گروهی، آزمونF، آزمون تعقیبی شفه وآزمون فریدمن با نرم افزارSPSS استفاده شده است. مهمترین نتایج تحقیق نشان عبارتند از: عوامل فردی موثر در توانمندسازی روستائیان در اشتغال، به ترتیب : افزایش مقبولیت فرد نزد دیگران، تقویت خوداتکایی و استقلال افراد، تقویت حس همکاری و کمک به یکدیگر، ایجاد علاقه به کسب موفقیت های تازه است. عوامل محیطی موثر در توانمندسازی روستائیان در اشتغال به ترتیب: دسترسی به ابزار و لوازم مورد نیاز اشتغال، دسترسی به نیروی کار ارزان قیمت و دسترسی آسان به مواد اولیه تولید است. عوامل فردی توانمندسازی روستائیان روستای کردآباد وویان بیشتر از روستائیان روستای طاهرلو و عوامل محیطی توانمندسازی روستائیان روستای کردآباد بیشتر از روستائیان طاهر لو و ویان است .

کلیدواژه‌ها


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