تحلیل تطبیقی سیاست گذاری های توسعه کشاورزی در دو دهه اخیر در استان گیلان با تأکید بر توسعه پایدار (مطالعه موردی: شهرستان رودسر)

نوع مقاله: ---

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، واحد رشت،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، رشت، ایران

2 (نویسنده مسئول) دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، واحد رشت،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی رشت، ایران

3 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی،واحد رشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی رشت، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر در شهرستان رودسر استان گیلان انجام شده‌است. اقتصاد شهرستان رودسر، بر پایه کشاورزی استوار است. در راستای توسعه کشاورزی در شهرستان رودسر در سال‌های اخیر سیاست‌های متنوعی شامل سیاست‌های بنیادین و حمایتی اتخاذ شده‌است. ازاین‌رو پژوهش حاضر در راستای پاسخ به این سؤال اصلی انجام گرفت که کدام‌یک از سیاست‌های جهاد کشاورزی با شاخص‌های توسعه پایدار اقتصاد روستایی رابطه معنادار دارند. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر روستاهای دارای سکنه‌ی شهرستان رودسر است. براساس سرشماری سال 1395، این شهرستان 395 روستای دارای سکنه دارد. اندازه نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران برابر با 195 روستا برآورد گردید. در ادامه براساس اطلاعات روستاها، دهستان‌های شهرستان رودسر از لحاظ برخورداری از سیاست‌های جهاد کشاورزی و شاخص‌های توسعه پایدار اقتصادی با استفاده از مدل‌های تاپسیس و آنتروپی شانون سطح‌بندی شدند. در پایان نیز رابطه متغیرهای مستقل و وابسته با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون ارزیابی شد. نتایج ضریب همبستگی پیرسون در بررسی دو متغیر اصلی پژوهش نشان داد که میزان توسعه پایدار اقتصادی در محدوده مورد مطالعه در سطح معنی‌داری 009/0 با سیاست‌های کشاورزی رابطه معنادار دارد. در این رابطه شدت همبستگی برابر با 772/0 گزارش شده‌است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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