تحلیل نقش گردشگری در توسعه اقتصادی مناطق روستایی شهرستان رودسر در دو دهه اخیر

نوع مقاله: ---

نویسندگان

1 ، دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، واحد رشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رشت، ایران.

2 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، واحد رشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رشت، ایران.

3 استاد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، واحد رشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رشت، ایران.

چکیده

گردشگری بعنوان یکی از راهکارهای نجات روستاها از فقر، مهاجرت، مشکلات اقتصادی، ایجاد رفاه، حفظ ازشهای فرهنگ سنتی و در مجموع حفظ منابع طبیعی قلمداد می‌شود. این مقاله با هدف تعیین نقش گردشگری در تغییرات اقتصادی نواحی روستایی شهرستان رودسر در دو دهه اخیر می‌باشد. مقاله از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی بوده. اطلاعات داده‌های تحقیق از طریق منابع اسنادی و مطالعات میدانی در قالب، مشاهده، مصاحبه، و پرسش‌نامه بدست آمده است. برای تعیین نمونه با استفاده از روش کوکران از بین 4354 خانوار، تعداد 384 خانوار روستایی و 63 نفر از مدیران محلی به عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شد و در 27 روستا که زمینه های بیشتری برای گردشگری داشتند پرسشنامه بین مدیران و روستائیان توزیع گردید سپس روایی از طریق متخصصین و پایایی گویه ها از طریق ضریب آلفای کرونباخ 82/0 محاسبه شد.جهت بررسی کمی داده ها از آزمون ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن استفاده شد.
نتایج نشان می دهد گردشگری در مناطق روستایی شهرستان رودسر بر اشتغال با شدت میانگین 83/3 تاثیر گذار بوده که این میزان نشان دهنده شدت اثر گذاری است و میزان افزایش درآمد خانوارها دارای میانگین 61/3 می باشد ساخت خانه‌های دوم با میانگین 54/3 و کاهش بیکاری با میانگین 45/3 حاکی از تاثیرات مثبت گردشگری است؛ که توانسته است موجب رونق درآمد،جلوگیری از مهاجرت و تنوع فعالیت اقتصادی گردد در واقع گردشگری در مناطق روستایی موجب توسعه اقتصادی نواحی روستایی گردیده است.

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