ارزیابی توان اکولوژیکی توسعه گردشگری با بهره گیری از مدل تلفیقی‌(AHP-TOPSIS) (نمونه موردی شهرستان سرعین)

نوع مقاله: ---

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه ژئومورفولوژی، دانشکده برنامه‌ریزی و علوم محیطی، دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد اکوتوریسم، دانشکده برنامه‌ریزی و علوم محیطی، دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

چکیده

امروزه انسان‌ها به دنبال مکان‌هایی هستند که از کیفیت محیطی بالایی برخودار باشد. انسان‌ها محیط جذاب، تمیز، کم جمعیت و عاری از آلودگی را دوست دارند. افزایش آگاهی، ترویج عدالت و توسعه، پیشرفت کیفی زندگی، کیفیت بالای تجربه برای بازدیدکنندگان، نگهداری کردن با کیفیت از محیط، همه این موارد از اهداف گردشگری پایدار می باشند. بر این اساس در مطالعه حاضر که با هدف تعیین مناسبترین مکان های تفرج گسترده و متمرکز در دهستان‌های شهرستان سرعین با بکارگیری مدل تلفیقی تصمیم‌گیری چند معیاره و مدل اکولوژیکی ارزیابی توسعه توریسم استفاده شد. مهمترین شاخص‌هایی که در این پژوهش مورد استفاده قرار گرفت، عبارتند از: تراکم پوشش گیاهی، توپوگرافی، میزان تابش خورشید، بارش، سنگ بستر، شبکه ارتباطی و نوع خاک. با تلفیق نقشه های مناطق مستعد مبادرت به تهیۀ نقشۀ نهایی توسعۀ تفرج گسترده و متمرکز اکوتوریسم گردید. نهایتاً لایه های تفرجگاهی از طریق برخورد مکانی با لایۀ جاذبه های طبیعی و دهستانها مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که مساحتی حدود 26807 هکتار در پهنه مناسب گردشگری گسترده و متمرکز و 2059 هکتار ناماسب برای پهنه های گردشگری می باشند. همچنین دهستان های سبلان و آب گرم برای گردشگری بسیار مناسب و پهنه آلوارس برای فعالیت های گردشگری نیازمند ایجاد امکانات و توسعه گردشگری در این دهستان می باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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