بررسی و تبیین وضعیت روستاهای شهرستان اسلامشهر از نظر چالش‌های توسعه روستایی

نوع مقاله: ---

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه ریزی روستایی، واحد امام خمینی ( ره )شهر ری،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تهران ، ایران

2 استادیارو عضو هیات علمی برنامه ریزیی روستایی، واحد یادگار امام خمینی(ره) شهر ری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد و عضو هیأت علمی برنامه ریزی روستایی، واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره) شهرری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

شناسایی چالش‌های عمده توسعه روستایی، پیش شرطی برای تدوین سیاست‌ها و ارائه الگویی انعطاف پذیر برای دستیابی به توسعه پایدار روستایی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی و تبیین وضعیت روستاهای شهرستان اسلامشهر از نظر چالش‌های توسعه روستایی است. پژوهش حاضر به لحاظ هدف کاربردی و به لحاظ روش انجام کار، توصیفی- تحلیلی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش را دو گروه روستاییان و کارشناسان تشکیل می‌دهند. در گروه اول 24 روستای شهرستان اسلامشهر که براساس سرشماری سال 1395 برابر با 36346 نفر معادل 11051 خانوار بوده است با استفاده از فرمول کوکران تعداد 380 نفر به عنوان حجم نمونه به صورت تصادفی سهمیه بندی انتخاب شده است. در گروه کارشناسان نیز 20 نفر به صورت تخمین شخصی به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شده‌اند. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌های پژوهش از نرم‌افزار اس.پی.اس.اس و آزمون تی تک نمونه‌ای استفاده و در نهایت برای رتبه بندی روستاهای مورد مطالعه از نظر چالش‌های توسعه روستایی از تکنیک تاپسیس فازی استفاده شده است. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که چالش‌های اقتصادی، کالبدی, فیزیکی و مدیریتی بیشترین چالش‌های روستاهای مورد مطالعه هستند و عدم اشتغال و عوامل جمعیتی از مهمترین چالش‌های موجود در این روستاها است. همچنین نتایج تاپسیس فازی نشان داد که روستای سیمون با مقدار تاپسیس 912/0 در رتبه اول و روستای گلدسته و شاطره با مقدار تاپسیس 000/0، در رتبه آخر قرار گرفته‌اند. به عبارتی دیگر بیشترین چالش‌های توسعه روستایی در روستای سیمون و کم‌ترین چالش در روستای گلدسته قرار وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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