نقش فرهنگ سیاسی نخبگان اجرایی با رویکرد توسعه محوری در جمهوری اسلامی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای علوم سیاسی، واحد لامرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، لامرد، ایران

2 استادیار علوم سیاسی، واحد لامرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، لامرد، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
تحولات سیاسی اقتصادی کشورها نشان می­دهد که تحولات هر جامعه‌ای به نقش نخبگان حاکم اجرائی و فکری وابسته است و دیدگاه‌ها و عملکرد آنان در اجرای برنامه‌های سیاسی ـ اقتصادی و اجتماعی، گسترش تشکل‌های مدنی و نحوه محقق شدن خواسته‌های مردم به میزان سرنوشت‌سازی مؤثر است. سؤال اصلی مقاله حاضر این است که فرهنگ سیاسی نخبگان اجرائی چه تأثیری بر توسعه نیافتگی ایران در دولت­های پس از انقلاب اسلامی داشته است؟ روش این مقاله توصیفی پیمایشی است. نمونه آماری مقاله 100 نفر است و تحلیل یافته‌ها نیز با استفاده از دو روش پیمایشی و کیفی (مصاحبه نیمه عمیق) انجام شده است. برای تحلیل پرسشنامه‌ها از آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شده است. نتایج مقاله نشان می­دهد که جامعه مورد مطالعه دارای فرهنگ سیاسی متنوعی بوده است و برای آزمون فرضیه تأثیرگذاری و تعیین کنندگی فرهنگ سیاسی نخبگان اجرائی در توسعه نیافتگی ایران بر اساس مدل (­اینگلهارت­) از سه شاخص استفاده سده است که نتایج نشان می­دهد که فرهنگ سیاسی نخبگان اجرائی در توسعه نیافتگی دولت‌های ایران در پس از انقلاب مؤثر بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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