نقش امنیت و ایجاد قوانین حمایتی از گردشگران خارجی در راستای توسعه اقتصادی وگردشگری به عنوان یک راهکار بین‌المللی با استفاده از روش DEMATEL

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی توریسم، واحد رشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رشت، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، واحد رشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رشت، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
مکانیزم برنامه‌ریزی و سیاست‌گذاری‌های صنعت توریسم در هر کشوری باید از فرآیندهای تخصصی در خصوص قانون‌گذاری برخوردار باشد. هر اندازه قوانین جامع‌تر، روان‌تر، کاربردی‌تر و توسعه‌محورتر باشند، توسعه صنعت توریسم نیز محسوس‌تر خواهد شد. در همین راستا، تدوین قوانین و مقرراتی برای حمایت از گردشگران و ایجاد امنیت برای آنها امری ضروری است؛ زیرا ورود گردشگران خارجی به هر کشور و رونق گردشگری خارجی تا حد زیادی با قوانین و مقرراتی که از حقوق آنها حمایت کند، مرتبط است. پژهش حاضر جهت تحلیل عوامل موثر بر قوانین حمایتی از گردشگران خارجی در راستای توسعه اقتصادی و گردشگری است که با استفاده از تکنیک دیمتل صورت گرفته است. روش پژوهش حاضر توصیفی تحلیلی و کاربردی و نمونه گیری به روش خوشه ایی انجام شده است. نتایج  نشان می‌دهد که صدور ویزا و بیمه توریستی (C1 ) با بیشترین مقدار نشان می دهد که  این مولفه با مقدار D-R (15/3)  تأثیرگذارترین مولفه گردشگری جهت حمایت گردشگری خارجی و توسعه اقتصادی و اجتماعی گردشگری است. به عبارت دیگر این مولفه زمینه‌ساز سایر شاخص­ها توسعه گردشگری خارجی است. از سوی دیگر آزادی در انجام احکام و اعمال شخصی برابر آیینی که دارند (C8)(13/2-) تأثیرپذیرترین عامل است و مسئله اصلی درحمایت گردشگری خارجی است که توسط سایر عوامل موثر می‌تواند حل شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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