تحلیل احساس امنیت گردشگران با تأکید بر برنامه‌ریزی شهری (مطالعه موردی زائران کلانشهر مشهد)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 مربی جامعه‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد جامعه‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
هدف این تحقیق شناخت میزان احساس امنیت زائران در کلانشهر مشهد با تأکید بر نقش برنامه‌ریزی شهری در حوزه گردشگری است. در این نوشتار با توجه به رهیافت‌های جامعه شناختی امنیت، احساس امنیت گردشگران با تاکید بر عواملی مانند(اعتماد، کیفیت خدمات شهری، عملکرد پلیس و سلامت معنوی و روانی) مورد نظر است. روش تحقیق پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه زائران هتل آپارتمان‌های مستقر در منطقه ثامن شهرداری مشهد بوده، است؛ که حجم نمونه آماری 375 نفر براساس فرمول کوکران و با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شده است. نتایج تحقیق بیانگر این است که احساس امنیت در بین گردشگران حریم رضوی دارای کارکردهای اثرگذاری بر توسعه گردشگری دینی در کلانشهر مشهد خواهد بود. تحلیل یافته‌ها حاکی از آن است که متغیر کیفیت خدمات شهری و سلامت معنوی بیشترین تأثیر را بر احساس امنیت گردشگران (زائران) داشته‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


References

Adler, A. (1927). Understanding human nature. New York: Green berg.

Anuar. A, Nazrinr A., Noorbaizura. S. B. & Noor. A. A. (2012). The effectiveness of safe city programs me as Safety basic in tourism industry: case study in Putrajaya. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences (42), 477- 485. [In Persian].

Asli, Tasci and Yasin Boylu, (2009), Cultural Comparison of Tourists’ Safety perception in Relatin to Trip Satisfaction, School of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Mugla university, Turkey.

Azimi Hashemi, Mojgan (2005). Comparative analysis of the sense of economic-social security of citizens of Mashhad and the country. Khorasan Culture, 5 (13), 172-198. Retrieved from www. noormags. com. [In Persian].

Azimi Hashemi, Mojgan, Shriati Mazinani, Saeed and Azam Kari, Faezeh (2012). Cultural-social elements of a sustainable pilgrimage city, a case study of Mashhad. Iran Social Studies, 6 (3, 4). [In Persian].

Buzan, B, waever, O. and De Wide, J. (1998). Security:A new framework for analsis, Boulder. CO:Lynne Rrinner.

Behian, Shapour & Firouzabadi, Ameneh (2013). Reviewing the factors affecting sense of social security in cities (a case study of Kerman). Urban Sociological Studies, 3 (6), 103-122. [In Persian].

Erisian, Nasrin (2003). Agrotourism and its role in rural development “reviewing policies and plans of tourism development in the Islamic Republic of Iran”. Allameh Tabatabee University: Tehran. 108-110. [In Persian].

Fesher, John, (1998), spiritual, health: its nature and place in the school eurri ulum, phd thesis univer city of Melbourne.

Foster, S. Knuiman, M. Villanueva, K. Wood, L. Christian, H. Giles-Corti, B. (2014). ”Does walkable neighbourhood design influence the association between objective crime and walking?” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014, 11:100.

Goli, Ali (2011). Women and security in public places (a case study of Azadi Park in Shiraz). Historical sociology, 3 (2), 143-165. [In Persian].

Gomez R, Fisher, JW. (2003). Domains of spiritual well-being and development andvalidation of the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire. Personality and IndividualDifferences 35: 1975-1991

Habib, Farah (2006). Urban landscape design in the course of history. Abadi, 53. [In Persian].

Hezar Jaribi, Jafar (2011). The sense of social security from tourism development perspective. Geography and environmental planning, 20 (2). [In Persian].

Hemmati, Reza (2007). Society-oriented police and its role in reducing the sense of insecurity. Police Knowledge, 9 (3), 131-147. [In Persian].

Hosseini, Hossein (2006). Sense of security: a theoretical reflection based on research findings of Amniat (security) quarterly, 5 (4). [In Persian].

H. Russ, Thomas (2006), “SAFE CITY STRATEGY”, Site Planing and Design Handbook, New York, Graw-Hill Companies, November.

Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities, NewYork: Vintage Books.

Kazemi, Mahdi (2006). Tourism management. 1st ed. Samt: Tehran. [In Persian].

Kazemi, Mahdi (2008). Tourism management. 2nd ed. Samt: Tehran. [In Persian].

Khaksari, Ali (2003). A review of tourism development policies and plans in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Allameh Tabatabaee University: Tehran. [In Persian].

Khoshfar, Gholamreza; Esfandian, Azita and Rahmani, Maryam (2013). A study on the tourists’ individual and social sense of security and the effective factors (a case study of tourists visiting Naharkhoran and Alangdareh areas of Gorgan). Tourism Planning and Development, 2 (6). [In Persian].

Lotfi, Sedigheh; Mousavi, Mir Najaf; Manouchehri Miando Abi, Ayyoub (2014). A review and analysis of women’s presence in public places (a case study of Miando Ab). Social Issues Faced By Women and Families Conference. Mazandaran University, Iran. [In Persian].

Mohammadi, Jalal; Safinejad, Ardalan and Asanloo, Ali (2014). The effect of identities of the neighborhoods on the citizens’ sense of security (a case study of Fasa). Information and Crime Research, 9 (1). 9-32. [In Persian].

Madhoushi, Mehrdad and Naserpour, Nader (2003). Evaluation of obstacles against tourism industry in Lorestan. Commercial Research, 28. [In Persian].

Mansouri, Seyed Amir (2004). An introduction to understanding landscape architecture. Bagh Nazar, 1 (2). Nazar Research Center: Tehran. [In Persian].

Milanifar, Behrouz (2007). Psychological hygiene. 7th ed. Ghoomes: Tehran. [In Persian].

Mitar, Miran, (1996) Assessment of societal security in recent past and today, college of police and security studies, Slovenia.

Moller, Bjorn, (2000) National, Societal and Human Security Discussion – case study of the Israel – Palestine conflict.

Nabavi, Abdolhossein; Hosseinzadeh, Ali and Hosseini, Seyed Hajar (2010). A review of the social and economic factors affecting the sense of security. Applied Sociology, 21 (4), 73-96. [In Persian].

Rafeeyan, Mojtaba; Asgari, Ali and Asgarzadeh Zahra (2009). Assessing the residential satisfaction of the residents of Navab neighborhood. Human Geography Research, 67, 53-68. [In Persian].

Rahnama, Mohammad Rahim; Asadi, Roohollah (2014). Determining the status of the suitable urban governance indices in Mashhad. Urban and Regional Studies and Research, 5 (20), 143-162. [In Persian].

Rahnama, Mohammad Rahim (2008). A research on realization of detailed urban plans with an emphasis on educational and health care uses. Jahad Daneshgahi: Mashhad. [In Persian].

Salari Sardari, Farzali; Kiani, Akbar; Biranvandzadeh, Maryam; Bostani, Alireza (2012). An analysis of spatial structure and horizontal development of the cities in Sistan area. Urban Research and Planning, 3 (8), 77-92. [In Persian].

Salehi Fard, Mohammad; Khakpour, Baratali and Hadi Rafiee, Masoumeh (2010). An analysis of social aspects of urban green spaces from citizens’ perspective. Geographical space, 10 (29), 51-95. [In Persian].

Sarafi, Mozaffar, et al. (1998). The concept of basics and challenges of urban management. Urban Management, 3, Municipalities and village administrations. Municipalities Publications: Tehran. [In Persian].

Shie, Esmaeel (2003). The necessity of transformation of urban management in Iran. Geography and development: Zahedan. [In Persian].

Siebel, Walter, and Wehrheim, Jan (2003), security and the urban public sphere, the german journal of urban studies, vol. 42, no. 2.

Tavalayee, Simin (2007). A review of tourism industry. Tarbiat Moallem University: Tehran.

Townshend, T. (1995). Safety, crime, vulnerability and design -A proposed agenda of study, University of Newcastle.

Weaver, D. & Opperman, and M. (2000): Tourism Management, John Wiley and Sons Australia.

Zare Shahabadi, Akbar; Torkan, Ramatollah (2011). A study on the factors effective on the sense of security among Yazd citizens. Order and Security, 4 (2), 125-148. [In Persian].