واکاوی تغییرات نسلی در سبک زندگی جامعه عشایری(مطالعه موردی: طایفه بایاری، استان کهگیلویه و بویراحمد)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه زابل

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

چکیده

جامعه عشایری ایران، دوره‌ای گذار از سبک زندگی سنتی به سبک زندگی جدید را تجربه می‌کند که این گذار از منظر تغییرات رخ‌داده در سبک زندگی دو نسل قبل و بعد از انقلاب در عشایر طایفه بایاری استان کهگیلویه و بویراحمد قابل توجه می‌باشد. در این تحقیق، وضعیت سبک زندگی ۲۵۸ نفر در دو نسل مختلف از این طایفه با به‌کارگیری تکنیک‌های مصاحبه، مشاهده و پرسشنامه مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است و داده‌های تحقیق از طریق به کارگیری آزمون‌های آماری مناسب و با کمک نرم‌افزار SPSS تجزیه‌وتحلیل گردیده است. نتایج حاصل بیانگر تفاوت معنادار بین دو نسل جامعه عشایری از منظر مؤلفه‌ها و عادتواره‌های سبک زندگی می‌باشد که تا حدی به شکاف نسلی منجر شده است. بیشترین تغییرات در دو مؤلفه‌ی سطح مشارکت و بهداشت بوده است و در ارتباط با به کارگیری لهجه، تفاوت معناداری در بین افراد دو نسل مشاهده نشده است. با توجه به نقش بی‌بدیل عشایر در اقتصاد کشور و بر اساس نتایج تحقیق، ضرورت تدوین و اجرای برنامه‌های متناسب در جهت کنترل تغییرات نسلی جامعه عشایری اجتناب‌ناپذیر خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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