ارزیابی سرمایه اجتماعی در سکونتگاه‌های روستایی مطالعه موردی: دهستان گنج افروز شهرستان بابل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسنده

گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی گردشگری، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
سرمایه اجتماعی یکی از مهم‌ترین سرمایه‌های توسعه‌ای است که در رویکردهای اخیر بسیار به آن توجه شده است. از این رو شناخت این نوع سرمایه در مناطق روستایی به منظور ارائه الگوهای توسعه‌ای از ضرورت ویژه برخوردار است. هدف تحقیق حاضر ارزیابی وضعیت سرمایه اجتماعی در سکونتگاه‌های روستایی دهستان گنج افروز شهرستان بابل است. پژوهش حاضر بر اساس هدف کاربردی و بر اساس روش توصیفی، زمینه یابی و همبستگی است. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل جمعیت دهستان گنج افروز در سال 1395 بوده، که 378 نفر به عنوان حجم نمونه و با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری آوری داده‌ها از روش کتابخانه‌ای و میدانی و برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی (آزمون t یک طرفه، آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه، مدل تحلیل خوشه‌ای K و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون) استفاده شده است. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که در روستاهای دهستان گنج افروز از نظر وضعیت سرمایه اجتماعی نابرابری دیده می‌شود. همچنین نتایج بیانگر رابطه معکوس بین جمعیت و سرمایه اجتماعی بوده است.
Abstract
Social capital is one of the most important development funds that has received much attention in recent approaches. Therefore, recognizing this type of capital in rural areas is a special necessity in order to provide development patterns. The purpose of this study is to assess the social capital situation in rural settlements of Ganj Afrooz district of Babol. The present study is applied based on the aim and descriptive-analytic and correlation based on the method. Using stratified random sampling, the statistical population of the study consisted of the population of the village of Ganj-Afrooz in 2016, in which 378 people are as sample size. The library and field method have been used to collect data. For data analyses below items have been applied: descriptive statistics, inferential statistic, t test, one-way analysis of variance, K-Means Custer analysis, and pearson correlation coefficient. The results of the study showed that in rural villages of Ganj-Afrooz, inequality is seen in terms of social capital status. The results also indicate an inverse relationship between population and social capital.

کلیدواژه‌ها


 

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