واکاوی رئالیستی مدل اعتدال‌گرا‌؛ نگاه نوین حکمرانی خوب در جغرافیای سیاسی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای علوم سیاسی – گرایش مسائل ایران، واحد سمنان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سمنان، ایران

2 استادیارگروه علوم سیاسی، واحد اندیمشک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اندیمشک، ایران

3 استادیارگروه علوم سیاسی، واحد سمنان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
حکمرانی خوب مفهومی نو در مدیریت سیاسی و کشورداری نسبت به مدیریت توسعه محور سنتی است. وجه مشخصه و کار ویژه آن نیز به دلیل نقش ممتاز آن در همه ابعاد متضاد زندگی سیاسی، اقتصادی و ... مردم از جمله در تأمین امنیت، آزادی و خدمات اجتماعی، اقتصادی و رفاهی شهروندان در قرن بیست و یکم به صورت هم‌زمان است. در عرصه سیاسی ایران نیز به طور مشخص در انتخابات ریاست جمهوری یازدهم و دوزادهم شعار حکمرانی خوب در قالب دولت اعتدال‌گرا با پیروزی در انتخابات بر مسند اداره کشور نشست. مسئله مقاله حاضر این است که مدل اعتدال­گرا با نگاه رئالیستی، در عرصه داخلی و بین‌المللی تا چه اندازه با مدل حکمرانی خوب تطابق و یا حداقل همسویی دارد؟ فرضیه­ای را که برای پاسخگویی به سؤال اصلی مقاله در صدد تحلیل آن هستیم این است که به نظر می­رسد ویژگی‌های مدل اعتدال‌گرا که عبارت‌اند از اعتقاد و التزام به اسلام رحمانی، قانون اساسی، هویت ایرانی – اسلامی، توجه به مصالح و منافع ملی، تخصص گرایی، شایسته‌سالاری، خردورزی، توسعه پایدار با تفکر و خط‌مشی اعتدالی و فراجناحی با مدل حکمرانی خوب سازگاری نسبتاً بالایی دارد. نتایج این مقاله نیز نشان می­دهد که دولت تدبیر و امید با در نظر داشتن متغیر مهم نظام بین‌الملل و پذیرش اصول مشترک و اساسی واقع­گرایی که همانا مفروضه دولت‌محوری، مفروضه عقلانیت و مفروضه قدرت است، ابتدا سعی در ایجاد توازن قوا در عرصه بین‌المللی به نفع ایران داشت و این مهم را هم‌زمان از طریق تقویت شاخص‌های اقتصادی و اجتماعی حکمرانی خوب در داخل­(چراکه قدرت دارای ابعاد مختلفی است) و مذاکره با قدرت‌های جهانی در عرصه‌ی خارجی به پیش برد. با توجه به این مقدمه در این مقاله تلاش خواهد شد با استفاده از منابع کتابخانه‌ای و مقالات علمی و پژوهشی و استفاده از نقشه‌ها و نمودارهای مختلف به توصیف و تحلیل موضوع مورد مطالعه پژوهش پرداخته شود.

Abstract
Good governance is a new concept in political management and management towards the development of traditional-oriented management. Its characteristic feature and its special work is also due to its privileged role in all the conflicting dimensions of political, economic and ... life, including in providing security, liberty and social, economic and welfare services of citizens in the 21st century. In the political arena of Iran, in the eleventh and two-day presidential elections, the slogan of good governance in the form of a moderate government with the victory of the elections was held in the country's governing body. The issue of the present paper is that the moderator model, with a realistic view, in the domestic and international arena, is consistent with or at least consistent with the model of good governance? The hypothesis to answer the main question of the article we are trying to analyze it, it seems the features of the moderate model, namely, the belief and commitment to Islam Rahmani, the constitution, the Iranian- Islamic identity, attention to national interests and interests, specialization, meritocracy, wisdom, Sustainable development with moderation and phylogeny with a good governance model, it has relatively high adaptability. The results of this article also show that the state of thought and hope, considering the important variables of the international system and accepting common principles and the basic of realism, which is the assumption of a state government, is the assumption of rationality and the assumption of power, first, sought to balance the forces in the international arena in favor of Iran and this is important at the same time by strengthening the economic and social indicators of good governance inside­(because power has different dimensions) and negotiating with world powers in the foreign arena. Given this introduction this paper will attempt to use library resources and scientific and research papers and the use of various maps and diagrams to describe and analyze the topic of research.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


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