تحلیلی بر روابط ژئوکالچری ایران و پاکستان با تأکید بر مذهب شیعه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی، واحد نجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران

2 گروه جغرافیای سیاسی، واحد نجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران

3 گروه جغرافیا، واحد نجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
ایران و پاکستان دارای اشتراکات فرهنگی فراوانی­اند. روابط ایران و پاکستان ریشة در تاریخ کهن دو کشور دارد. وجود عوامل متعدد نظیر تاریخ، شباهات فرهنگی و رسوم مشترک، جغرافیای سرزمینی و ... گویای علائق و روابط فرهنگی مستحکم دو کشور است. یکی از مهمترین بخش­های ارتباط فرهنگی دو کشور حول محور دین و مذهب شکل گرفته است. روشن است که اسلام­گرایی جنبه مشترکی است که توانسته زمینه تأثیرپذیری از انقلاب اسلامی را فراهم آورد و هم اکنون نیروی الزام­آور و اصلی بین دو کشور اسلام است. اشتراک مذهبی در درجه اول ناشی از اسلام و در درجه بعد، تشیع اصلی­ترین امری است که زمینه­ساز ارتباط دو جامعه ایران و پاکستان بوده است. تشیع و وجود برخی گرایش­های خاص در میان اهل تسنن به ویژه آن دسته از گرایش­های سنی­گرایانه که تعلق خاطر بیشتری به اهل بیت (ع) دارند توانسته است زمینه اشتراک و تأثیرپذیری بیشتری را ایجاد کند. لذا به توجه به اهمیت موضوع، نگارنده­گان در این مقاله با بهره­گیری از روش توصیفی- تحلیلی و مطالعات کتابخانه­ای، با طرح سؤال "مذهب شیعه چه تأثیری بر روابط ژئوکالچری ایران و پاکستان دارد؟" درصدد تحلیل روابط ژئوکالچری ایران و پاکستان با تأکید بر مذهب شیعه بر آمده است.

Abstract
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria is the most important geopolitical crisis in the Middle East and even the world at the present time.The group has shown both political thought and political thought that it seeks to change the current political, cultural and social order of the Middle East and beyond in the whole world.The purpose of this article is to explain the geopolitical effects of ISIL's political thought and action on the establishment of an ideological and ideological government in the Middle East.The main question of the article is that what has been the geopolitical impact of ISIL's political thought and action in establishing the country and the ideological government in the Middle East? The hypothesis we are testing is to answer this question that is the geopolitics of the Middle East have already reverted to their Westphalian era as a result of ISIL's actions. And geopolitical controversies between the geopolitical unit of the upper region and we see a kind of paradox between geopolitical interests and geopolitical conflicts in the Middle East's regional and trans-regional relations. The results of this paper also show that, given the geopolitical sensitivity of the Middle East region ISIL's political thought and action have deepened distrust and divergence in the Middle East and prioritized political, territorial, and geographical security over the economic, social, cultural and political dynamics of the region. According to this introduction, this paper attempts to analyze and explain the geopolitical effects of ISIL's political thought and activities on the establishment of the country and the ideological regime in the Middle East using library resources and the use of tables, maps and charts.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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