تبیین شاخص‌های سرمایه اجتماعی در راستای ارتقاء نشاط اجتماعی و سلامت روان شهروندان (مطالعه موردی: شهر همدان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ملایر، ملایر، ایران

2 استادتمام گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد ملایر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ملایر، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد ملایر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ملایر، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
در دوران جدید توسعه، جامعة مدرن به خصوص شهرها تحولاتی در ساختارهای اجتمـاعی و روابـط و مناسبات جمعی به وجود آورده که تمامی شئونات زندگی فردی و اجتماعی را متـأثر سـاخته اسـت. سرمایه اجتماعی با فراهم نمودن حمایت‌های عاطفی و روانی نقش مؤثری در ارتقای نشاط اجتماعی و سلامت روان شهروندان دارد، شهر همدان نیز از این قائده مستثنی نمی‌باشد. هدف تحقیق حاضر تبیین شاخص‌های سرمایه اجتماعی در محله‌های شهر همدان در راستای ارتقاء نشاط اجتماعی و سلامت روان شهروندان می‌باشد. روش تحقیق حاضر توصیفی و تبیینی و با شیوه همبستگی است. نمونه‌ای مشتمل بر 384 نفر ساکنین شهر همدان از جامعه آماری 525794 نفری با استفاده از فرمول کوکران به نسبت جمعیت محله‌های شهر همدان و به روش تصادفی ساده انتخاب گردید و اطلاعات لازم توسط پرسشنامه‌های سرمایه‌های اجتماعی، نشاط و سلامت روان که میزان پایایی آن‌ها به ترتیب 849/0، 960/0 و 967/0 بود، نتایج گویای آن است که به نظر می‌رسد بین میزان سرمایه اجتماعی و سطح تحصیلات افراد، سطح اقتصادی (درآمد) و سلامت روان، نشاط و سرزندگی در افراد محله رابطه وجود داشته باشد.

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