تحلیل راهبردی چالش‌های مدیریتی کلان شهر تهران با رویکرد مدیریت یکپارچه شهری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیاو برنامه‌ریزی شهری، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر، تهران، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
 شهر به عنوان کلیتی بهم پیوسته، به سازمانی مقتدر با مدیریتی یکپارچه نیازمند است. تعدد مدیریت و ناهماهنگی سازمان­ها و نهادهای دولتی و خصوصی متولی امورشهری از چالش‌های مدیریت کلانشهری تهران است. توسعه و گسترش کانون‌های شهری اطراف کلانشهر تهران باعث به وجود آمدن برخی مشکلات در درون کلان شهر شده­اند. هدف پژوهش حاضر ارائه راهبردهای مدیریتی کلان­شهر تهران با رویکرد مدیریت یکپاچه شهری می‌باشد. پژوهش حاضر کاربردی و روش آن توصیفی- تحلیلی است. جمع آوری داده‌ها با استفاده از مطالعات کتابخانه­ای و میدانی پیمایشی (توزیع پرسشنامه) است و برای تحلیل از تکنیک­های SWOT و دلفی بهره­گیری شده است. جامعه آماری 30 نفراز کارشناسان خبره مباحث مدیریت شهری تهران انتخاب گردیده است. نتایج پژوهش بیانگر آن است که از مجموع 45 عامل درونی و بیرونی تأثیرگذار بر مدیریت یکپارچه شهری کلان­شهر تهران، مجموع امتیاز وزنی عوامل داخلی 67/2 و عوامل خارجی، 25/2 می‌باشد لذا باید جهت موفقیت در یکپارچگی مدیریت کلان­شهر تهران راهبردهای بازنگری را به اجرا درآورد بدین صورت که نقاط ضعف درونی مدیریت یکپارچه درکلانشهر تهران را کاهش داده و نهایت بهره­گیری را از فرصت­های بیرونی به عمل آورد. برخی از راهبردهای بازنگری عبارتند از: حرکت به سمت تمرکززدایی از قدرت وسازمانهای دولتی و ساختارهای بوروکراتیک و واگذاری اختیارات به حکومت­های محلی و مدیریت شهری و همچنین واگذاری اختیار تهیه طرح‌های توسعه شهری و منطقه‌ای به نهادهای محلی.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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