ارزیابی توان بوم‏ شناسی و تعیین وا‏حدهای گردشگری براساس عوامل طبیعی-اقلیمی مطالعه موردی: شهرستان چالوس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

گروه جغرافیا، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
صنعت گردشگری در ایران و بالاخص در منطقۀ شمالی کشور از ظرفیت‌های بسیار بالایی برای رشد و توسعه برخوردار است. بدین حهت، هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی واحدهای گردشگری متمرکز و گسترده در سه طبقۀ 1 و 2 مناسب و طبقۀ نامناسب بر پایۀ توان بوم‏شناسی برای فصول گرم سال در شهرستان چالوس بوده است. در این راستا، با توجه به معیارهای مدل بوم‏گردشگری و سامانه‏های اطلاعات جغرافیایی، لایه‏های اقلیمی دما، بارندگی، آفتابگیری و شیب، زمین‏شناسی و کاربری زمین ایجاد شد. سپس با روش‏ بولین، توان بوم‏شناسی منطقه تحقیق، ارزیابی گردیده و واحدهای هر یک از طبقـه‏های گردشگری مشـخص شد و نهایتاً نقشۀ پهنه‏بندی واحدها تهیه شد. پس از تحلیل، 342 واحد طبقه 1 مناسب متمرکز با مساحت 377 هکتار، خارج از محدوده جنگل‏های متراکم و ارتفاع 550 متر به بالا و غالباً در امتداد جاده و رودهای شهرستان چالوس شناسایی شدند. تعداد 348 واحد بوم‏گردشگری طبقۀ 1 مناسب گسترده با مساحتی حدود 2/159 هکتار در ارتفاعات میانی و بالادستِ شهرستان چالوس شناسایی شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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