توسعه مالی و نهادی و ارتباط آن‌ها با رشد اقتصادی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و مدیریت، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

2 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد رشته برنامه‌ریزی سیستم‌های اقتصادی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

3 هیئت علمی دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و مدیریت، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
در این مقاله کوشش شده است تا رابطه رشد اقتصادی، توسعه مالی و توسعه نهادی بر اساس شیوه اقتصادسنجی تغییر رژیم مارکوف و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار ox-metrix مورد بررسی قرار گیرد. داده‌های استفاده شده در این مطالعه تولید ناخالص داخلی، نیروی کار، سرمایه، متغیرهای توسعه مالی و توسعه نهادی در دوره زمانی 1359-1391 بوده است. نتایج حاصل از برآورد معادلات نشان می‌دهد که توسعه نهادی و توسعه مالی تأثیری منفی بر تولید ناخالص داخلی در دوره مورد مطالعه داشته است که این نوعی عدم تطابق بین توسعه مالی و توسعه نهادی موجود در کشور را می‌رساند و زمانی توسعه مالی موجب رشد اقتصادی کشور می‌گردد که بستر کیفیت نهادی مناسب در کشور شکل گرفته باشد. سایر متغیرهای مورد مطالعه نیز تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر تولید ناخالص داخلی داشته‌اند که با تئوری‌های اقتصادی نیز سازگاری دارند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


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