بررسی وضعیت زیست‌محیطی سکونتگاه‌های شهری استان مازندران با استفاده از مدل‌های تصمیم‌گیری چندمعیاره VIKOR

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی استخراج ازرساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرمسار، گرمسار، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

3 عضو هیئت علمی جغرافیا، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

چکیده

    سنجش و ارزیابی یکی از راه­های قابل­قبول برای دست­یابی به اهداف توسعه پایدار است که می­تواند به عنوان یک ابزار برنامه­ریزی، اثرات بالقوه زیست­محیطی را که در نتیجه اجرای پروژه­های عمرانی و توسعه در مناطق شهری، پدیدار می­شوند، شناسایی کند و گزینه­های منطقی برای حل آن­ها را انتخاب نماید. استان­ مازندران با تنوع اکوسیستم­های مناسب و مساعد برای زیست­انسانی جزء مهم­ترین نقاط جمعیت­پذیر کشور به­شمار می­رود، که طی دهه­های اخیر دارای نر­خ­رشد متوسط جمعیت شهری در مقابل کاهش نرخ­رشد جمعیت­روستایی بوده­ است. این امر باعث افزاش ضریب­شهرنشینی و در نتیجه افزایش شدت فشار بر محیط­زیست استان گردیده­ است. از این رو پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل وضعیت زیست­محیطی سکونتگاه­های شهری استان مازندران با استفاده از روش تصمیم­گیری چند معیاره­ VIKOR، صورت پذیرفته ­است. در نهایت نتایج حاکی از آن است که سکونتگاه­های شهری نوشهر و آمل به ترتیب رتبه­های اول و آخر را در سطح استان به خود اختصاص داده­اند

کلیدواژه‌ها


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