نقش ایران و امریکا در امنیت خلیج فارس با تأکید بر دوران بعد از انقلاب اسلامی و استراتژی فرامنطقه‌ای ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار جغرافیا وبرنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران مرکزی

2 دانشجوی دکترای جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرمسار

3 دانشجوی دکترای سیاسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرمسار

چکیده

 
چکیده
هدف این مقاله بررسی و تحلیل نقش ایران و امریکا در امنیت نظامی، سیاسی و اقتصادی خلیج فارس بعد از انقلاب اسلامی در راستای به رسیدن به راهبردی ملی و بین المللی است. بایستی گفت که ایران و امریکا مهم‌ترین بازیگرانی هستند که در صدد شکل دادن به سازه­های امنیتی خود در خاورمیانه هستند. با توجه به این مهم سؤال اصلی این مقاله این است که در دوران بعد از انقلاب اسلامی  نقش ایران و امریکا در امنیت خلیج فارس تا چه اندازه بوده است؟ علاوه بر این سؤال اصلی سؤالات فرعی دیگری نیز مطرح می‌شود از جمله اینکه دلایل اهمیت حیاتی خلیج فارس کدام‌اند و اینکه نگاه ایران و امریکا به امنیت این منطقه چگونه است. نتایج این مقاله نشان می‌دهد که ایران و امریکا هرکدام سازه­ی امنیتی خاص و ویژه خود را برای منطقه دنبال می­کنند از طرف دیگر پتانسیل­ها و ابزارهای ایران و امریکا و نیز دغدغه­های آن‌ها در موضوع امنیت خلیج فارس متفاوت است. با توجه به این مسئله در این مقاله کوشش خواهد شد با استفاده از منابع کتابخانه‌ای و نیز نقشه‌ها و جداول و نمودارها و نیز اسناد منتشر شده نقش ایران و امریکا در امنیت خلیج فارس با تأکید بر دوران بعد از انقلاب اسلامی  را تحلیل و تبیین نمائیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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